Footwear For People With Diabetes
Footwear For People With Diabetes
The matter of a choice of footwear is a factor that should not be overlooked especially for people with diabetes.
Shoes that fit well and allow pressure to be distributed evenly over the foot are generally the best types of shoes.
The fun part about footwear these days is that they are now available as extra wide or extra deep footwear and even prescription footwear in order to deal with certain foot care needs.
Importance of shoes that fit well
The importance of shoes that fit well can not be overstressed. Your footwear should be long and wide enough but not too loose either.
If your shoes are too short, there’s a greater risk of developing problems including hammer toes, blisters, corns and damaged nails. Hammer toes can occur if your toes are forced to bend inside your shoes, which, over time, can lead to tendons and muscles in the foot being affected and this can lead to deformation of the foot.
Corns and damaged toes can occur if your toes do not have some room for movement and therefore rub against the end of your shoe. Blisters can occur either on or around the toes or at the heel if shoes are too tight.
If shoes are not wide enough, your feet can be pressed and rub against the sides of the shoe which can lead to corns, calluses, blisters or bunions forming.
Any form of damage or change to the skin or shape of the foot can lead on to loss of surface skin and wounds and foot ulcers forming.
Note that if you have neuropathy, you may not be able to feel whether your shoes are uncomfortable or if they are causing damage. It’s important therefore that you check your feet daily for any signs of damages or change.
Getting the right fit
To ensure you get shoes that fit well, it’s recommended to have your feet measured and the shoes properly fitted.
It’s better to visit a shoe shop and try the shoes on before you buy. Don’t be tempted to just try on one shoe as most people’s feet tend to be at least slightly differently sized.
It’s advisable to wear shoes at home for relatively short periods of time, say 20 minutes.
Check that your feet do not show any signs of poor fitting such as redness or any marks on your skin. If your shoes show signs of not being the right shape or fit, and you have not worn your shoes outside, you may be able to return the shoes and pick a better fitting pair.
If you have uncertainties about the fit of a new or existing pair of shoes, you may wish to arrange an appointment with a podiatrist.
Picking a good shoe
Natural materials, such as leather, tend to be the best material for footwear as it provides good support and reduces sweating. It is advisable to avoid wearing high heeled shoes where possible as this can cause parts of the foot to withstand an inappropriately high amount of pressure.
Pick shoes which match the shape of your foot and avoid shoes that do not, such as shoes with pointed ends.
As with the fit of shoes, your podiatrist can advise you on the shape, material and types of shoes you wear.
Checking your feet
It’s important to check your feet daily for any signs of wear or rubbing caused by your shoes. It’s also important to look for any other signs of damage or changes in appearance of your feet at the same time.
Courtesy: Diabetes.co.uk, WebMD
Author: Chima, VibrantMeNG Team